Erbe

Die Hafenstadt trägt für Reisende einen verlockenden Namen (gesprochen: der Orient), der im Sprachgebrauch entstand, als der Name des ersten Schiffs, das von der Ostindienkompanie zu Wasser gelassen wurde – die Soleil d’Orient (Sonne des Orients) – verkürzt wurde. Die Werft der Schifffahrtsgesellschaft befand sich seit 1666 in Port-Louis. 340 Jahre später beendete Sylvain Calzati hier am Tag des Endspiels der Fußballweltmeisterschaft bei der letzten Zieleinfahrt einer Tour-Etappe in dieser Stadt einen Ausreißversuch erfolgreich. 2011 brach das Peloton von Lorient in Richtung Mûr de Bretagne auf, wo Cadel Evans erste Schritte unternahm, um den Titel zu erobern.

Der Sitz der Präfektur des Finistère stand erstmals vor 60 Jahren mit dem Start einer Etappe auf dem Programm, die André Darrigade in Saint-Nazaire für sich entschied. Aber der erste Sieger in Quimper hieß Phil Anderson – zehn Jahre nachdem er für eine Sensation gesorgt hatte, als er 1981 als erster Australier das Gelbe Trikot übernahm. Thor Hushovd erinnert sich ebenfalls gern an die Hauptstadt der Cornouaille, wo er 2004 gewann.

Auf der Straße

Department of Morbihan (56)

Prefecture: Vannes
Sub-prefectures: Lorient and Pontivy
Population: 738,000 inhabitants
Surface: 6,823 km²

Sports Clubs / Major events: Vannes Club Olympique, FC Lorient. Interceltic Festival of Lorient.

Main tourist sites: Houat Islands, Hoëdic, Belle-Ile-en-Mer, Groix. Sainte-Jeanne d'Auray. Castles of Suscino and Trécesson. Carnac alignments. Fortress of Largoët. St. Peter's Cathedral and old town of Vannes. Lake Guerlédan.

Economy: tourism (Carnac, La Trinité-sur-Mer), thalassotherapy (Quiberon, Gulf of Morbihan), fishing, canning, mechanical engineering, early crop cultivation.

Website: www.morbihan.fr

PLOEMEUR (Pop: 17,900)

Remarkable for its important megalithic and religious heritage but also for the exploitation of kaolin, Ploemeur houses on its soil the airport of Lorient-South Brittany as well as the naval aviation base of Lann-Bihoué, famous for its bagad, the most famous Breton music band in the world. Ploemeur is also the hometown of international footballer Yoann Gourcuff, whose father Christian coached FC Lorient from 2003 to 2014.

Dunes & Etangs du Trevignon

Km 7

GUIDEL (Pop: 11,400)

Renowned for its beaches, Guidel is also one of the sites of the Côte des Megalithes (Megaliths Coast) with the best surfing spots. The town is also home to an important megalithic and religious heritage, including seven chapels that inspired a music festival (Festival of Seven Chapels in Art), celebrating its 19th edition in 2018. In the town can also be found the imposing Loch fort (1756), built after an invasion by the English and never used in war. Jean-Yves Le Drian, Minister of Europe and Foreign Affairs, and friend of the Tour de France, resided in Guidel, where a former member of the International Olympic Committee, Melchior de Polignac, is buried.

FINISTERE (29)

Population: 908,000
Prefecture: Quimper
Sub-prefectures: Brest, Châteaulin, Morlaix
Surface: 6,733 km2

Specialties: fish, seafood, cakes, apples, cider, chouchen, whiskey. Strawberries.

Sports clubs: Stade Brestois 29 (football), Brest Bretagne Handball, Albatros de Brest (ice hockey). Union Joan of Arc Phalange Quimper (basketball, Pro B), Quimper Volley 29 (Women's A League), UJAP Basketball Pro B.

Competitions: Transatlantic sailing race Lorient-Bermuda-Lorient in 2019. Women's handball European championship (December). U20 Women's Football World Cup (August)

Festivals: Vieilles Charrues in Carhaix (July), No Border in Brest (December), Astropolis in Brest (July), Italian Film Festival (Brest), Crozon Bout du Monde Festival (August), Place aux mômes in Roscoff.

Economy: agriculture (63% of the territory, animal productions, potato), fishing, agribusiness (Soft, Henaff, Bigard), shipyards (Piriou, DCNS), tourism.

Remarkable sites: Pointe du Raz, Ouessant island, Oceanopolis, National Marine Museum, Trévarez Kériolet, Kerjean castles, Tanguy Tower in Brest, Créac'h and Saint-Mathieu lighthouses, Quimper and Brest Fine Arts museums, Breton County Museum in Quimper.

Websites / FB / Twitter: www.finisteretourisme.com, www.finistere.fr

Km 18.5

CLOHARS-CARNOËT (Pop: 4 200) 

The lovely seaside resort is remarkable for its production of cider and for the small village of Le Pouldu, a favourite of the painters from the Pont-Aven School and of “Nabis” like Paul Serusier and Maurice Denis. The Museum House of Le Pouldu is a reconstitution of the “Buvette de la plage” an inn where Paul Gauguin and his painter friends stayed from 1889. The place was also visited by writer Andre Gide. A painters path runs across town showing the landscapes and sites they painted.

GEOLOGICAL HERITAGE

Ardoise

Slate has left its mark on generations of schoolchildren and poor people. It also covers many dwellings. This slate is, in fact, a clay which underwent a very strong pressure, which hardened it. Other materials cover the roofs: tiles. These are also old clays, which have been fired. Nature, by pressure, produces slates, men by firing, produce tiles.

MNHN – Patrick De Wever, professeur 

Km 22

MOËLAN-SUR-MER (Pop: 6,900)

A favourite of painters like Maurice Assselin or writer Pierre Mac Orlan, Moelan was the birthplace of Leon Le Calvez, who took part in the 1931 and 1932 Tours de France. Winner of the Criterium National in 1923 and a Paris-Nice stage in 1935, he became a sports director and led the French Western team on the Tour between 1952 and 1956 with Jean Robic and Jean Mallejac as his main riders.

Km 29

RIEC-SUR-BÉLON (Pop: 4,200)

Riec-sur-Bélon is above all renowned for its oysters and especially the Belon brand, a flat oyster grown in the oyster parks of the Belon river.

Km 33.5

PONT-AVEN (Pop: 2,850)

Known for its windmills, the small town was “discovered’ in 1864 by American painter Henry Bacon, who loved it immediately because it was picturesque and cheap. He invited many American and British colleagues to visit him there. The “city of painters” was born. Jean-Léon Gérôme, a teacher at the Beaux-Arts school in Paris, also advised his pupils to get there: the small contingent of painters who settled in town quickly reached 50. A second wave of artists came to Pont-Aven in the 1880s, including Paul Gauguin, who stayed at the Gloanec guesthouse. Al those painters, led by Armand Jobbé-Duval and Paul Sérusier formed the so-called Pont-Aven School. The locals quickly realised the benefits of such an invasion and welcomed the visitors. This artistic vocation led to the creation of a Museum of Fine-Arts in 1985. Pont-Aven is also known for its “galettes” (cakes) sold under the brand Traou-Mad (good things in Breton) and whose recipe dates back to the 1890s.

Km 49

CONCARNEAU (19 200 hab.)

Concarneau is a living history book, in which 14th century fortifications stand side by side with seaside villas facing the ocean. The Closed City, an ancient Breton fortress, rests in the calm waters of the fishing port and the yachting harbour. It is the heart of Concarneau, which was fortified in the late 11th century and developed around the walls once it became too small. The town retained its 2.5 to 3 metres high rampart, its nine towers and three gates, all made of granite like the houses of the old town, built in narrow streets along with chapels now turned into cultural venues. The Closed City, which is mainly pedestrian, can only be reached by an old drawbridge. A small ferry links the old town to the Passage, the old fishing part of town. In the 19th century, the town grew outside of the walls thanks to the installation of fish factories – Concarneau had as many as 32 of those in the early 20th century. Sardine and tuna were the main fish processed in the local factories, which made seaside economy the leading source of wealth. Shipbuilding, especially for yachts and small boats, is now one of the main local industries. The Filets Bleus (Blue Nets) Festival and the start of the Ag2R Transatlantic Race are among the most famous events held in Concarneau. In 1982, the town hosted a Tour de France stage won by Belgian sprinter Pol Verschuere, already crowned two years previously on the Champs-Elysee. It is also the birthplace of Jean-Paul Ollivier, who told the history of the Tour de France to French television viewers for decades.

LANDSCAPE OF THE DAY 

Aven-Bélon

Aven and Belon are two river estuaries that are typical of Brittany, with wooded or farmed banks. Rising and falling with the marsh tides, these rivers serve as shelters for boats before running into the same river mouth. The Region's unique landscapes and atmosphere both contributed to the success of the Pont Aven school of painting (Gauguin, Sérusier, etc.) for which the town remains famous. This area is also well known for its oyster production (particularly the flat Bélon oyster).

Km 60

LA FORÊT-FOUESNANT (Pop: 3,300)

Anchored on a rich territory in the shade of fruit trees, facing the sea, La Foret Fouesnant is a town of good living and conviviality. The picturesque gardens of the traditional houses are scattered along flowery streets embracing the old port and the sandy beach. In the hart of the Forest Bay, in front of the Isles of Glenan, the town is an ideal viewpoint on this exceptional natural site. The local yachting port has become a stronghold of competitive sailing and a training base for famous skippers like Samantha Davies, Michel Desjoyeaux, Armel Le Cleac’h, Jean Le Cam, François Gabart and many more. The port can accommodate up to 1,130 yachts of all sizes, including the impressive 60 feet racing boats.

Km 103

SAINT-GOAZEC (Pop: 730)

Château de Trévarez
Labelled as a 20th century Heritage Site, the estate of Trevarez is the work of a man, James de Kerjégu, born in Trevarez in 1846 and who died in 1908 before the construction of the chateau was completed. A rich local politician who spent a lot of time with the Parisian jet-set and nobility, he decide to provide the castle with the most modern equipment of the time. The luxurious castle was bombed and seriously harmed in WWII. It was restored and open the public as well as its remarkable gardens. 

Km 121

CHATEAUNEUF-DU-FAOU (Pop: 3,700)

Painter Paul Sérusier, founder of the Nabi movement, settled in Chateauneuf du Faou in 1893 and stayed there until his death in 1921. His house is still visible in the street that bears his name and a town circuit runs around the landscapes he painted. The project of a museum is underway. Chateauneuf du Faou is also the birthplace of former French international footballer Raymond Keruzore, who played for Rennes, Laval and Guingamp before managing Breton clubs.  

Km 155

CHATEAULIN (Pop: 5,200)

At the crossroads of some of the leading roads and railways in Brittany, the Finistere sub-prefecture is bathed and sometimes flooded by the river Aulne. It is know to the cyclist fan as the hometown of Boucles de l’Aulne, held since 1931. Bernard Hinault won the race a record four times. It was won in 2017 by Norwegian Odd Christian Eiking. The race includes the ascent of the Menez-Quelerc’h climb that the Tour de France peloton will ride at kilometre 159.5.
Four French championships were held in Châteaulin in 1955 (André Darrigade), 1957 (Valentin Huot), 1964 (Jean Stablinski) and 1986 (Yvon Madiot). The Tour de France stopped in town three times in 1958 (Charly Gaul), 1965 (Raymond Poulidor) and 1982 (Frank Hoste).
Châteaulin is also the birthplace of Camille Danguillaume, winner of Liege-Bastogne-Liege in 1949 and killed in a crash in the 1950 French championship in Montlhery. 

Km 177

PLONÉVEZ-PORZAY (Pop: 1,780)

Southerner Lucien Teisseire, winner of Paris-Tours in 1944, Paris-Nice in 1946 and of four Tour de France stages in 1947 and 1954 settled in this Breton village in which he died in 2007. He also finished second in Paris-Roubaix in 1945 and in the 1946 Milan-San Remo behind Fausto Coppi.

Km 179

LOCRONAN (Pop: 810) 

The important architectural heritage of Locronan, preserved from an early time, made the village one of the most beautiful in Brittany. Locronan’s golden age was in the 16th century thanks when the local weavers manufactured the sails for large naval companies like the East India Company in Lorient. This past is evoked in the Museum of arts and history. Locronan belongs to the network of the “plus beaux villages de France”. From its splendour, the village retained a cobbled central square, the vast St Ronan church and granite Renaissance houses. Its remarkable state of preservation made it a famous setting for the cinema with films like Roman Polanski’s Tess or Jean-Pierre Jeunet’s A Very Long Engagement. 

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