Moirans-en-Montagne > Poligny
21/07/2023 - Etappe 19 - 173 km - Hügelig
BOURGOGNE-FRANCHE COMTE REGION
Departments: Côte d'Or, Doubs, Jura, Nièvre, Haute-Saône, Saône-et-Loire, Yonne, Territoire de Belfort
Population: 2.8 million
Area: 47,784 km2
Specialities: Burgundy and Maconnais wines, Jura wines, cheeses (Comté, Mont d'Or, morbier, bleu de Gex, cancoillotte), beef bourguignon, Bresse poultry, kir.
Sports clubs: FC Sochaux-Montbéliard, AJ Auxerre, FC Gueugnon (football), Elan sportif chalonnais, JDA Dijon (basketball), Jeanne d'Arc Dijon (handball)
Competitions: car races on the Dijon-Prenois circuit, Franck Pineau cyclosportive in Auxerre
Economy: automobile (Peugeot-Montbéliard), Alstom, General Electric (railways), steel industry, mines, parachemistry, pharmaceutical industry, electronics, plastics industry, paper industry, mechanical and automobile industries, agriculture (cereals, beetroot, cattle breeding, cheeses). Forestry. Watchmaking. Tourism.
Festivals: Eurockéennes in Belfort, Hospices de Beaune sales, Grandes heures de Cluny, Vézelay Musical Encounters, Adventure Screens in Dijon, International and gastronomic Fair in Dijon, Fenêtres sur courts in Dijon. Bicentenary of Courbet. Early music festival in Besançon.
Tourist sites: Fontenay Abbey, Vézelay Basilica, Notre-Dame-du-Haut Chapel in Ronchamp, Burgundy vineyards, Besançon Citadel, Palace of the Dukes of Burgundy in Dijon, Royal Saltworks of Arc-et-Senans, Autun Cathedral, Guédelon Castle, Beaune Hospices, Citadel and Lion of Belfort, Cluny Abbey, Alsace Balloon, Solutré Rock.
Websites and social networks: www.bourgognefranchecomte.fr
Subprefectures: Dole, Saint-Claude
Surface area: 5,000 km².
Specialities: Comté, Morbier (cheese), Vache Qui Rit (portioned cheese), Jura wines (7 AOCs including Vin Jaune, Château-Chalon, Etoile, Macvin, Marc du Jura, Crémant du Jura, Vin de Paille), toys, Saint-Claude pipes, watchmaking, eyewear, woodworking, industrial subcontracting, wildlife observation (lynx, eagle, black grouse, chamois)
Competitions: La Forestière (mountain bike trekking and racing from 40 to 100 km), Transjurassienne (must for Nordic skiing in France), cycling Tour du Jura, Critérium de Dole, Chalain international triathlon, Vouglans international triathlon, International Show-jumping in Lons, Rock'N Horses, Transju trail, Trail des reculées, Jura International Tennis Open.
Tourist sites : Les Rousses resort, Jura lakes, Royal Saltworks of Arc-et-Senans, thermal baths (Lons-le-Saunier), Fine Arts Museum and Louis Pasteur House in Dole, Pipe and Diamond Museum in Saint-Claude, Eyeglass Museum in Morez, Cascades of the Hérisson and Seven Lakes Plateau (Registered as a "Grands Sites de France"), Pic de l'aigle and Belvedere of the 4 lakes, Lake Vouglans, Reculée in Baume-les-Messieurs, Gorges of the Langouette and Hight Valley of the Saine, Hautes Combes, etc
Festivals / concerts: Idéklic Toy and Children's Festival (Moirans-en-Montagne), Moulin de Brainans, Cirque et Fanfare (Dole), bouche à oreille festival (Musiques en Petite Montagne), NoLogo festival (Fraisans).
Economy: plastics, chemicals, food processing, screw-cutting, subcontracting in the luxury industry, eyewear, watchmaking, wood construction, livestock farming, four-season tourism, thermal baths, subcontracting in the automotive and aeronautical industries, winegrowing, cheese-making.
Websites / FB: www.jura.fr / https://www.facebook.com/departementdujura/ / https://www.instagram.com/departementdujura/ / www.jura-tourism.com / https://www.facebook.com/juratourism/ / https://www.instagram.com/juratourisme/
Jura is a multi-faceted territory due to its geography and dense human activity. With a four-seasons tourism offer, Jura also appeals with a new range of activities. This is what makes the department unique. Jura has found the right balance for the future as an ideal place to relax and refuel. In the south of Burgundy-Franche-Comté and neighbouring Switzerland, Jura offers passion, pleasure and escapism for all tastes and all generations.
With its breath-taking environment, Jura offers winter sports enthusiasts and nature lovers an ideal change of scenery to discover or challenge themselves. With a multitude of gentle itineraries throughout its territory, Jura is also the place for group or solo escapades.
Rich in tradition and history dating back thousands of years, Jura has managed to preserve and enhance its important heritage, particularly in its religious past and in its urban centres. A visit is also an opportunity to discover its flavours and crafts, which have made, and still make, its reputation.
The people of Jura have long been aware of all the treasures they have to offer. This year the department is celebrating the 20th anniversary of the Made in Jura brand, created in 2003.
Onoz was home to an important monument, the Charterhouse of Vaucluse, listed as a historical monument in 1927, which was sunk to a depth of over 45 m in 1968 when the Vouglans dam was built. All that remains of the charterhouse are the gate and the entrance pavilions of the monument, which were carefully dismantled and then raised above the level of the lake, at the expense of Electricité de France. A pressure of more than 6 bars, cold, dark water and an oxygen content of less than 8 mg/litre led the Henri Maire wine company to immerse 276 bottles of wine in the ruins of the Carthusian monastery in 2008 in order to test the evolution of their contents. Every twenty years, a case of 24 bottles will be brought to the surface in order to observe the ageing of the wine at such a depth.
It was created and impounded in 1968 with the commissioning of the Vouglans dam, built on the Ain. With a length of 35 km and a maximum width of 900 m, 1,600 hectares and 605 million m³ of water, it is the third largest artificial reservoir in France in terms of capacity, after the Serre-Ponçon and Sainte-Croix lakes.
In the heart of Petite Montagne, the village of Arinthod has a medieval feel to it thanks to its triangular square lined with arcades and adorned with a fountain dating from 1750 and listed as a Historical Monument. On the site of the castle destroyed in the 15th century, in the centre of the village, stands a chapel.
Actor Robert Lynen was born in Sarrogna and became a kind of child star in 1932 when he played the title role in Julien Duvivier's movie Poil de carotte alongside Harry Baur. He made a dozen more successful films until the war. In 1942, he joined a resistance network and was arrested by the Germans in February 1943 in Cassis following a denunciation. Detained in the Bruchsal fortress near Karlsruhe, he was shot on April 1, 1944. Posthumously awarded the War Cross, he is buried in the Gentilly military cemetery.
This small town of character in Burgundy and Franche-Comté is the birthplace of Cadet Rousselle, bailiff of the town of Auxerre during the Revolution, whose eccentricity has been gently mocked in a popular song that bears his name.
Church of Our Lady of the Assumption
Construction: 15th to 18th century.
History: a Romanesque church was built in the mid-13th century, replacing the castle chapel which was disused in 1231. From 1450 onwards, the northern chapels were built in addition to the medieval church. The church is part of the ramparts as in Nozeroy, another possession of the Counts of Chalon. In 1606 a fire destroyed 52 houses and the church. The reconstruction was directed by Odot, Mayor of Dole. The new building is a vast vessel 46-m long with a transept of 32 m, the whole over 15-m high. In 1684, a new clock was installed by Jean Claude Mayet of Morbier.
Special features: a multicoloured medieval tile collection of 3,000 tiles on about 50 m2, from the end of the 13th century, discovered in 1975 in the ruins of the castle overlooking the town, is on display.
Listed as: Historical Monument in 1913.
Paleontological site: 155 million years ago, dinosaurs walked and left 1,500 footprints. A walkway allows the public to see them. It is one of the ten most important dinosaur footprint sites in the world.
Hungarian time trial specialist Laszlo Bodrogi lives in Ney with his family. Ten times Hungarian road champion, he was time trial world silver-medallist in 2007. The most French of the Hungarians, naturalised in 2009, participated three times in the Tour de France between 2002 and 2005.
Land Art Park
In 2018, creation of a plant maze in the shape of a giant dinosaur, the "haricosaurus", a reference to the palaeontological site of Loulle, made up of 80,000 climbing bean seeds which, once grown, form a plant wall dense enough to lead visitors astray. The animation will be renewed in 2019 and a new work representing Gustave Courbet's painting The Origin of the World will be added. Both projects were imagined by Jura artist Pierre Duc.
Nicknamed the Pearl of the Jura, this town is dominated by Mont Rivel (812 m), a major Gallo-Roman archaeological site. The people of Champagnole have been marked by great events over the centuries: numerous fires ravaged the town between 1580 and 1798; the collapse of the galleries of the limestone quarry located on Mont Rivel caused the death of five people on July 27, 1964, one month after the Tour de France. Tour de France fans remember the stage finish in Champagnole in 2020 and the second solo stage victory of Soren Kragh Andersen. If the town had already hosted a finish, few remember the Tour’s first visit since it was in 1937 for a 35-km team time trial, won by the Belgians of Sylvère Maes ahead of the French of Roger Lapébie, the future winner. In 1964, a start was given from Champagnole, a few hours before Jan Janssen's success in a bunch sprint in Thonon-les-Bains. Closer to now, the Tour de l'Avenir stopped in town twice, in 2011 for the start of a stage won in Le Salève by Romain Bardet and in 2015, when Soren Kragh Andersen (already!) won in Tournus. But Champagnole is above all a stronghold of Nordic skiing, where many French internationals were born, such as former Nordic combined Olympic silve-medallist Sylvain Guillaume and former cross-country world silver-medallist Hervé Balland. The former third row of the French national rugby union team Alain Carminati and footballer Grégory Pujol were also born in Champagnole.
The municipality is home to a lime tree listed as a "remarkable tree". Tradition has it that it was planted in 1477 on the occasion of the marriage of Charles the Bold's daughter, Marie, to Maximilian of Habsburg. Others estimate that it is "only" 240 years old.
The town has a glorious history due to a flourishing industrial past of salt production dating back to the 5th millennium B.C. It was the second largest town in Franche-Comté in the Middle Ages and had about 8,500 inhabitants on the eve of the French Revolution. From the 19th century onwards, its industrial activity expanded thanks to the development of plaster works, sawmills and earthenware factories. The town also created a spa in 1854, while the second half of the 20th century saw the gradual disappearance of the industries: the plaster factory closed in 1958, the saltworks in 1962 and the earthenware factories in 1995. Labelled as a Bourgogne-Franche-Comté city of character, it bases its economic reconversion on health, thermalism and tourism. The latter is based in particular on the restoration and development of a rich and prestigious historical heritage marked by the inclusion of the great saltworks of Salins-les-Bains on the Unesco World Heritage List on June 27, 2009, as an extension of the Royal Saltworks of Arc-et-Senans, which was on the list since 1982. The city hosted the Tour de l'Avenir in 2006.
Salins-les-Bains salt works
Construction: date unknown.
History: salt has been exploited in Salins since the Neolithic period and the existence of salt works in the town is attested since the early Middle Ages. The need for large amounts of wood for the boilers led to the great project of the royal saltworks of Arc-et-Senans built between 1775 and 1779 near the forest of Chaux. The brine from Salins was transported there by a 21-km long brine pipeline. The Arc-et-Senans operation began in 1779 and ended in 1895. However, the Salins saltworks continued their industrial activity almost uninterruptedly until 1962, when they closed and were bought by the municipality four years later.
Characteristics: one of the oldest known sites for the exploitation of ignigenic salt (evaporation of brine by fire), the Salins-les-Bains saltworks illustrate the history of the techniques used to produce "white gold", based on the collection of saltwater sources over nearly 7,000 years. Today, the Salins-les-Bains saltworks welcome around 70,000 visitors each year.
Listed as: Historical Monument since 1957, then 2009. Unesco World Heritage Site in 2008.
This small rural town is the home of the famous Arbois wines, known since ancient times. It produces some of the best wines in Jura, such as vin jaune and vin de paille. The Château Pécauld Wine Museum pays tribute to this vocation. The Château Bontemps and the Saint-Just church are the other most striking monuments of the town, along with the house where Louis Pasteur grew up, lived and worked. Arbois was the starting town for a 54.5-km time trial in the 1963 Tour de France won by Jacques Anquetil in Besançon. The town also hosted three finishes of the Tour de l'Avenir between 2011 and 2015.
House of Louis Pasteur
History: in 1827, Louis Pasteur, a native of Dole, arrived at the age of five with his parents in this house on the banks of the Cuisance, where his father set up his tannery. The future scientist, chemist, physicist (by training), and pioneer of microbiology spent his early years here until the age of 17. At that time, he was also known for his painting skills. This house, which he inherited in 1865, was his haven of peace to meet his winegrower friends and his small laboratory (study of wine fermentation, development of pasteurisation)
Current use: a museum dedicated to his memory, housing his laboratory in particular. It is the property of the Academy of Sciences Foundation.
Trivia: it has been chosen as one of the 18 emblematic sites for the 2021 heritage lottery
Listed as: Historical Monument since 1937. Certified as a "Maisons des Illustres
JURA AND FRANC-COMTOIS WINES
First of all white wine, with chardonnay and savagnin grapes, or red wine made of poulsard, trousseau, pinot noir. . But also yellow wine, with a single grape variety, Savagnin. After a slow fermentation, this wine is placed in oak barrels, where it remains for at least six years. It is marketed in a special bottle, the clavelin, with a capacity of 62 cl (this is what remains of a litre of wine after 6 years). . Straw wine, made from raisined grapes: after the harvest, the grapes are either left on a bed of straw or on racks, or suspended in an airy room, for 2 to 3 months. After a very slow fermentation, the wine is then aged for three years in casks. . Macvin: a liqueur wine obtained by blending grape juice and old Jura marc. It is then aged for 18 months in oak barrels. . Marc du Jura: a brandy of great finesse. Its ageing in oak barrels gives it a beautiful straw yellow colour.
Der Jura steckt voller Überraschungen! Von Bergen und Tälern geprägt, bietet die Bergregion beeindruckende Landschaften, aber auch Kultur und Traditionen, die durch die lokalen Industrien und Sehenswürdigkeiten mit Leben erfüllt werden. Vom Ort Poligny aus können Sie jede der vielfältigen Facetten dieser Region erkunden.
Geschichtsliebhaber können Weltkulturerbestätten besichtigen, wie das Salzbergwerk in Salins-les-Bains oder das Geburtshaus des berühmten französischen Wissenschaftlers Louis Pasteur in Dole. Moirans-en-Montagne ist die französische Spielzeughauptstadt, wo Sie ein Museum besuchen können, das den Holzspielsachen gewidmet ist, die hier jahrhundertelang gefertigt wurden.
Feinschmecker können in mit Michelin-Sternen prämierten Restaurants essen oder leckere lokale Erzeugnisse verköstigen. Auf den Milchviehbetrieben der Region entstehen Käsesorten wie der Comté. Man kann die Höfe besuchen, bevor man die Erzeugnisse in Lokalen in der Nähe probiert. Und wie steht es mit anderen Gaumenfreuden aus? Der weniger bekannte „Vin jaune“ (gelber Wein) ist eine Spezialität der Weingüter im Jura – schon allein die Landschaft lohnt einen Besuch.
Außerhalb der Städte und Dörfer wartet endlose wunderschöne Natur auf den Besucher. Mit mehreren Wegen im Umfeld der Grandes Traversées du Jura haben Sie die Qual der Wahl, ob Sie die Berge auf Schusters Rappen, dem Fahrrad oder dem Pferderücken entdecken möchten. Atemberaubend schöne Seen und Wasserfälle zwischen den Berggipfeln sind in jedem Fall garantiert.
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