The history of Calais is intimately linked to its geographical position looking across to the coast of southern England, which naturally led to it becoming a transit point for travellers crossing the English Channel and has subsequently made it France’s leading port in terms of passenger numbers. These attributes also led to it hosting the Tour de France for the first time in 1994, for a 66km team time trial (won by Johan Museeuw’s GB-MG team) that took place just before the riders crossed to England for the Tour’s second visit to the country, making the journey, of course, through the Channel Tunnel, which had just been opened to the public.
- Stage town for the 3rd time
- Sub-prefecture of Pas-de-Calais (62)
- Population: 73,000 (Calaisiens and Calaisiennes), 105,000 in the 14 communes comprising the Grand Calais Terres & Mers municipality