Stage town for the 1st time
Capital of a canton in Finistère (29)
Population: 16,527 (Landernéens, Landernéennes) and 50,108 in the Landerneau-Daoulas Community of Municipalities
Personalities: Paul Le Guen (soccer, former coach of Stade rennais, Olympique lyonnais, PSG and Glasgow Rangers), Gonzalo Higuaín (soccer, player of the Argentine team, Real Madrid, River Plate and Juventus of Turin), Romain Thomas (soccer, Angers), Jean Malléjac, Laurent Pichon, Perrig Quemeneur (cycling), Édouard Leclerc (founder of the E.Leclerc holding)
Specialty: the moons of Landerneau (chocolates)
Sport : Landerneau Bretagne Basket (Women's league)
Culture : Fête du Bruit Festival (modern music, 55 000 people/year)
Motto : " dalh sonj, dalh mad " (remember and hold on)
Labels: Active and sporty city, 2 flowers, City of the Moon
Websites : www.landerneau.bzh / www.tourisme-landerneau-daoulas.fr / www.pays-landerneau-daoulas.fr / www.brest-terres-oceanes.fr / www.finistere.fr / www.toutcommenceenfinistere.com / www.bretagne.bzh / www.tourismebretagne.com
LANDERNEAU, A STORY
Making noise in Landerneau
There are three theories for the origin of this famous French expression. The first known mention is in the comedy by Alexandre Duval from Rennes, Les Héritiers, performed in Paris in 1796. One of the scenes of the play takes place in a castle near Landerneau, property of Antoine Kerlebon, supposedly dead in a shipwreck. The day when his inheritance is divided, his unexpected return surprises and his valet Alain exclaims: "Antoine, oh the good trick, I will not say anything; but it will make noise in Landerneau," several times. The play, included in the repertoire of the Comédie française, was a lasting success in the 19th century, and evokes the town's reputation for gossip.
Another explanation refers to the tradition of charivaris, noisy disturbances surrounding the remarriage of widows and condemned by the Church. However, the charivari is not only specific to Landerneau, it was already practiced at the end of the Middle Ages, in many French cities, when a marriage was judged to be mismatched. According to other sources, the expression refers to the cannon shot from the Brest prison that could be heard as far as Landerneau when a prisoner managed to escape. This expression is still used today for "news of little importance, but of a nature to pique public curiosity". Finally, created in 2009, the Landerneau music festival is called "Fête du Bruit dans Landerneau" (Make a Noise Festival).
LANDERNEAU AND CYCLING
The main cycling personality of Landerneau was Jean Malléjac, who wore the Yellow Jersey for five days in the 1953 Tour before finishing in second place behind another Breton, Louison Bobet. Still 5th in the Tour in 1954, Malléjac suffered a spectacular failure in the ascent of the Ventoux the following year and stopped his career in 1958 to open a driving school in Landerneau. It is also the hometown of Perrig Quemeneur, who competed in four Tours de France between 2011 and 2017 in Jean-René Bernaudeau's team before retiring in 2019.
The city has also in the past featured on the route of the Ruban Granitier Breton and the Tour d'Armorique.
The Rohan bridge
Built at the point where the tide ends its course, the Rohan Bridge plunges its six stone arches into the salty water. Built in the 16th century, the monument spans the Elorn, replacing a wooden building dating from the 12th century. At that time, it included in its central part a mill as well as two stores, which makes it an inhabited bridge since the 16th century. As the nerve center of the city, it was for centuries the only point of passage between the north and the south of the territory. A saying illustrates its role as a crossroads: "When I am on the Landerneau bridge, I have one foot in Leon and the other in Cornouaille". The building is 70 m long and remains one of the three inhabited bridges in France, one of the last in Europe.
Hélène and Édouard Leclerc Fund for Culture
Landerneau is the stronghold of the Leclerc family, since Edouard Leclerc opened his first grocery store there in 1949, based on the Félix Potin model in Paris. Since then, the family has been involved in local life, notably through the Hélène & Édouard Leclerc Fund for culture. This is a private contemporary art center, located in the Capuchin convent, whose ambition is to make the largest number of people discover the emblematic works of artists of our time. Since its opening in 2012, the site has become a must-see for art lovers, both enlightened and beginners. The FHEL has already welcomed more than one million visitors and exhibitions of renowned artists: Gérard Fromager, Joan Miro, Alberto Giacometti, Marc Chagall, Pablo Picasso, Enki Bilal...
The Rohan Gallery is a municipal space dedicated to modern forms of artistic expression. This ambitious project reflects the city's desire to become a stronghold for contemporary art. Located in the heart of the city, in the former Rohan bookstore, Place Saint-Thomas, this 130 m² space, divided into two exhibition rooms, encourages visitors to enter the city.
La Fosse aux Loups
Rue de la Fosse aux Loups is located in the extension of Rue du Pontic, in the direction of Pencran and Saint-Urbain. It is supposed that the proximity of the wood and the presence of a wolf trap are at the origin of the name of this street, the sources going back to the XVIIth and XVIIIth centuries. One of the last wolves seen in the Nord-Finistère region was killed in Pencran in 1895.
Parish enclosures, Breton heritage
In the 16th and 17th centuries, Brittany experienced a period of great economic prosperity. Here, flax and hemp were cultivated, spun, woven and exported throughout Europe from the ports of Landerneau and Morlaix. The parish enclosures, unique religious architectural ensembles in Europe, are the result of this enrichment. They consist of a church with an entrance porch where the apostles nest, a calvary, an ossuary, a cemetery, all surrounded by an enclosing wall and a triumphal gate to enter. Inside, these buildings reveal treasures of goldsmith's art, sumptuous stained-glass windows, works of local artists of great talent.
Roc'h Morvan Castle - La Roche Maurice
Probably built in the 11th century by a certain Morvan, Viscount of Cornouaille, this castle occupied a strategic defensive position. Over the years, it passed through the hands of the family of the Viscounts of Léon, then those of the Viscounts of Rohan. In the 15th century, a fire destroyed part of the building, which was never rebuilt. Today, the site is the property of the Department of Finistère and has been the subject of excavations which have revealed architectural and movable elements. They have also allowed us to understand the organization of the site.
If kouign-amann originates from Douarnenez, one of the best can be found in Landerneau, at Eric Pengam's Douceurs Chocolats'T pastry shop, awarded the prize for the best kouign-amann in 2019 and the best Breton cake in 2017. If Eric Pengam doesn't give away his recipe, it's because kouign-amann is not so easy to make. A Breton saying sums it up: anyone can make it, few can succeed!