08/29 > 09/20/2020

10 previous stages

Prefecture of Puy-de-Dôme (63)

Population: 145,000 hab. (Clermontois), 290,000 in Métropole Clermont Auvergne

Celebrities: Vercingetorix (Gaul leader), André et Édouard Michelin (tyre businessmen), Alexandre Vialatte (writer), Valéry Giscard d’Estaing (French president), Blaise Pascal, Henri Bergson, Michel Foucault (philosophers), Fernand Raynaud (stand-up comedian), Arletty (actress), Chantal Lauby (actress), Laure Adler (journalist and writer), Claire Chazal (TV presenter), Gabriella Papadakis and Guillaume Cizeron (ice dancers), Jessy Tremoulière (rugby union), Geoffroy Mathieu (200 m backstroke swimmer), Axelle Etienne (BMX), Raphaël Geminiani, Romain Bardet, Rémi Cavagna (cycling), Renaud Lavillenie (athletics).

Specialities: pâtes de fruit (fruit jelly), Le Lautrec chocolate, aligot, truffade auvergnate, potée auvergnate, tripoux (tripes), potato pâté, bacon with lentils, apple pump (bun). Cheese: Saint Nectaire, Fourme d’Ambert, Bleu d’Auvergne, Cantal.  Volvic water. Vineyards: côtes d’Auvergne.

Sport: 150  clubs and 30,000 members, including ASM Clermont-Auvergne (rugby union), Clermont Foot 63, JA Vichy-Clermont Métropole Basket.

Events: Pole Vault All Star, Le Tour Auto, Clermont en Rose (running), Clermont Week-end Courses

Economy: Industry of the future and research (Michelin, Trelleborg, Aubert et Duval, etc.) ; Agriculture, food industry and environment (Limagrain and first office of the National Agriculture Institute outside Paris) ; Health, prevention, nutrition products; Digital ; Cultural and creative industries (Allegorithmic, Riot house production, Biscuit production, etc.)

Festivals: International short film festival (January), Europavox Festival (new music, June), Contre-plongées (summer cultural season: cinema, readings, street theatre, concerts and circus), Jazz en tête (October), le rendez-vous du carnet de voyage (November)

Labels: ville fleurie (3 flowers), children friendly city, I-Site, Clermont Auvergne French tech, 3rd most creative city in France(2018), Apicité, UNESCO learning city. Bid for 2018 European capital of culture.

Websites / FB / Twitter / Insta: www.clermont-ferrand.fr / www.clermontmetropole.eu / www.clermontauvergnetourisme.com / www.puy-de-dome.fr / www.facebook.com/villedeclermontferrand/ / www.facebook.com/clermontmetropole/ / twitter.com/clrmntmetropole / twitter.com/ClermontFd / www.instagram.com/villedeclermontfd / www.instagram.com/clermontauvergnetourisme/ / www.facebook.com/Clermont.Tourisme/ / twitter.com/clrmntauvergne / www.facebook.com/Departement63 / twitter.com/Departement63

Place de la Victoire et la Cathédrale en arrière plan de Clermont-Ferrand © Hemis
Le tramway devant l'Opéra-Théâtre de Clermont-Ferrand © Getty/Tolgaildun
© Direction de la communication de Clermont-Ferrand
© Direction de la communication de Clermont-Ferrand
© Ville de Clermont-Ferrand
Tour de France 2020 - Clermont-Ferrand

CLERMONT-FERRAND TODAY  

Welcome to volcanic land!  

With a population of more than 290,000, including 40,000 students, the metropolitan area of ​​Clermont-Ferrand enjoys a unique location, surrounded by grandiose and unspoiled nature. Bordered on one side by the Chain of Puys - listed as a Unesco world heritage site - and on the other by the Allier river and the famous Gergovie plateau, Clermont-Ferrand is also a city geared towards high-level sport, entrepreneurship and technological, industrial, pharmaceutical and food innovation. Its architectural heritage can be discovered at the corner of the pedestrian streets: Notre-Dame-de-l'Assomption cathedral, Notre-Dame-du-Port basilica, a UNESCO world heritage site, the medieval city of Montferrand, the statue of Vercingétorix by Bartholdi, or its old river port of Pont-du-Château.

The abundant cultural season confirms the city's bid for the European Capital of Culture in 2028. Already emblematic for its International Short Film Festival, Europavox, its concert halls, cultural proposals which punctuate the calendar for the whole of the metropolis or the collections of its six museums, Clemront-Ferrand continues to assert its stature as a cultural and heritage metropolis.

Le Puy de Dôme, patrimoine mondial de l'UNESCO, et sa station de mesures atmosphériques © Getty/Ocni Design
© Direction de la communication de Clermont-Ferrand
© Direction de la communication de Clermont-Ferrand

CLERMONT-FERRAND AND CYCLING

It has been more than 30 years since the Tour de France last stopped in Clermont-Ferrand, precisely since 1988 and a stage won by Thierry Marie (b. 1963).
The city of tyre-maker Michelin, for long a special partner of the Tour, most often served as a launching pad, and in particular for two time trials finishing at the top of Puy de Dôme in 1959 (Federico Bahamontes) and 1983 (Angel Arroyo).
The first winner of a stage in Clermont was a local hero, Raphael Geminiani(1925). The "Grand Fusil" (Big Gun), who was born here in 1925 and retired in his hometown, won seven stages of the Tour and held the yellow jersey for 4 days in 1958. A larger than life character both on a bike and off it, “Gem” was also an inspired sports director and one of the strongest personalities in the history of cycling.
The baton has been handed to local prospect Rémi Cavagna (1995), winner of a stage in the Tour of Spain last year. The driver of Christian Prudhomme on the Tour de France, Gilles Maignan (1968) was crowned French time trial champion in 1999.

Le souriant Raphaël Geminiani dans un bain de foule lors du Tour de France 1953 © Presse Sports
Gilles Maignan et Christian Prudhomme lors de la reconnaissance du Tour de France 2020 © Presse Sports/Bernard Papon

SIGHTS

Chaine des Puys - Limagne fault
Identity marker of the metropolis, the Puy de Dôme (1465 m) – listed as a Grand Site of France-, dominates the Chain of the Puys and its alignment of 80 volcanoes. Accessible on foot or by rack railway, it offers a panorama from Limagne to the Sancy mountains. Since July 2018, the site has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site as a "tectonic hotspot", the first to be listed as natural property in mainland France.

Notre-Dame-de-l’Assomption cathedral
First and largest building entirely built in Volvic lava under the direction of architect Viollet-le-Duc (1814-1879) (the last span, the narthex and the arrows were completed in 1884, from his plans). It stands on the site of earlier churches built between the 5th and 10th centuries as attested by the crypt.
The chevet is characteristic of the Gothic style of Île-de-France. Louis IX (1226-1270) married his son Philip II the Bold (1245-1285) with Isabella of Aragon (1247-1271). The building has a total interior length of 82.75 m. The width of the transept reaches 32.70 m from one door to another and the height of the cross vault is 28.70 m. The north arrow rises to 96.10 m above the ground, the south arrow to 95.50 m.
The cathedral contains a unique set of murals and stained-glass windows from different periods, notably those of the choir. It is certain that they date from the 13th century because we find on the canopies of chapels the arms of France and Castile (a gift from St Louis (Louis IX) during the marriage of his son - the king himself being the son of Blanche of Castile). The creative workshop could be the one that produced the stained¬glass windows of Sainte-Chapelle in Paris.

Notre Dame du port basilica
Raised to the rank of minor basilica in 1881. Legend has it that Notre-Dame du port was built in the 6th century by St Avit, bishop of Clermont. Destroyed by the Normans in the 11th century, it is said to have been rebuilt by St Sigon, successor to Avit.
Built in blond arkose from the Montpeyroux quarry, it is 52 m long by 26 m wide and 18 m high in the nave.
Severely damaged by the strong earthquakes of 1478 and 1490, it experienced a golden age during the 17th and 18th centuries by the establishment of an annual procession, from 1614, of the whole city of Clermont and the surroundings, to the underground Black Virgin reputed to be miraculous.
Seriously damaged during the French Revolution, several architects worked to restore the building during the 19th century. Agnan Ratoin built the new West bell tower from 1823, using Volvic stone, breaking away from the rest of the building. Following its classification on the first list of Historical Monuments, the restoration of Aymon Gilbert Malay, from 1843, respected the historic building much more.
Rich furniture of paintings by Masters, including an Annunciation by Philippe de Champaigne (1643), paintings by Jean Restout (18th century), and sculptures including a nursing Virgin (1380-1420).

Royat spa
The spa town of Royat-Chamalières offers visitors and spa guests the inimitable charm of the spa towns of the Belle Époque. Specialized in the treatment of rheumatic diseases and cardio-arterial diseases, the resort is ideal for healthy tourism. Built on the model of the Basilica of Emperor Constantine, the spa establishment, listed as a historical monument, is remarkable for its facade, painted vaults and ornate floor. To admire: the Roman remains and the Eugenie refreshment stall, topped with an ornate glass bell.

The Comedy, National Scene
This new landmark venue has hosted the Clermont-Ferrand Comedy since May 2020. The building was designed by Eduardo Souto de Moura, world-renowned Portuguese architect and Pritzker Prize. It is built in the old bus station, a place much appreciated by the population and one of the architectural symbols of the city, listed as a historical monument. This 9,500 m² complex includes in particular two performance halls, a cultural mediation centre and a brasserie.

Mille formes, first Center of initiation to art for the 0-6-year-olds in Europe
The Centre for initiation to art for 0 to 6-year olds was an idea by the municipality, in partnership with the Centre Pompidou, as a space for experimentation in which toddlers can be in contact with contemporary creation in all its forms. It is through gestures and interaction with a new environment that the child is led to discover art. I

La chaîne des Puys © Getty/Panha Kang
La Cathédrale Notre-Dame de l'Assomption © Getty/Ross Helen
© CAT
© CAT
© Ville de Clermont-Ferrand
© Jean-Louis Fernandez

EAT

Pâtes de fruit (fruit jelly)
Delicacies made from fruit cooked with water and beet sugar from the Bourdon sugar factory, created in 1837 by the Duke of Morny (1811-1865), the half-brother of Napoleon III (1808-1873).
The invention of pâte de fruit dates back to the 10th century. It was not mentioned before the 15th century. They were manufactured around Clermong and known under the name of "Pâtes d’Auvergne". In accordance with the recipe filed in 1947 by the Union Chamber of Confectioners, Jam Producers and Fruit Preservatives of Auvergne at the time, Auvergne confectioners are obliged to use at least 67 pc fruit pulp for the preparation of their jelly.

Pâtes de fruit © Getty/Anna Quaglia

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