Montgeron

Montgeron

The international reputation of Montgeron isn't only due to the birth certificate of the Tour de France in 1903. Approximately a quarter of a century earlier, the Rottembourg Castle frequently welcomed some of the key figures of impressionism like Claude Monet or Edgard Degas. A thousand kilometres from there, the visitors of the Ermitage Museum in Saint-Petersburg can therefore discover Le Coin de jardin or L'Étang, painted by the master of impressionism during his stays in Montgeron. Another famous painting from that period, Les Dindons, is currently on the walls of the Musée d'Orsay in Paris.

Rond-point du Réveil Matin, Montgeron © Ville de Montgeron

Stage town for the third time
Commune in the Essonne (91)
23,000 inhabitants (Montgeronnais), Essonne has 1,200,000 inhabitants

Economy: Three economic activity zones, but the town is mainly residential. In Essonne: 45,000 companies (including Alcatel-Lucent, Carrefour, Coca-Cola, Renault, Safran, Sanofi-Aventis and Thalès), Génopole (biotechnology and biotherapy) at Évry, Évry-Val d'Essonne University and École Polytechnique at Palaiseau

Culture: Pavillon du Moustier (17th century), Château de Chalandry (17th century), Senlis mill (15th century), Josèphe Jacquiot Museum. In Essonne: Château de Courances, Monthléry Tower, Museum of photography in Bièvres, Domaine de Chamarande, Domaine de Méréville, Propriété Caillebotte in Yerres (exhibition rooms). Events: Science Festival in Orsay, Festival Elfondurock in Marcoussis

Sport: ES Montgeron Athlétisme, Montgeron Escrime (fencing), Entente Cycliste Montgeron Vigneux. In Essonne: FCF Juvisy Essonne (women's football, Division 1), Rugby Club Massy Essonne (Fédérale 1). Event: Montgeron International Athletics Meeting

Specialities in Essonne: Méréville cress, Gâtinais honey, Milly-la-Forêt peppermint

Sustainable development in Essonne: RER (suburban transport network), TGV train station in Massy, tram, tram-train, metro line in Grand Paris project, 1,400km of walking trails, numerous bike circuits, organic farming (27% of production within Île-de-France)

Slogan: Essonne, land of the future

Web sites

Montgeron

Montgeron holds a special place in the history of cycling because, as every Tour de France knows, it is from the Essonne commune and more precisely in front of the Reveil Matin café that 59 cyclists embarked on July 1, 1903, at 15:16 for the first stage of the first Tour. Purists noted that the real start was given from the crossroads on the other side of the road hence on the commune of Villeneuve-Saint-Georges. Montgeron still retained the honour of being the first aver stage town of the Tour de France, a chance it had once again a 100 years later for the centenary of the Tour in 2003. Maurice Garin won that first stage to Lyon in 17 hours and 45 minutes. His successor, a century later, was Italian Alessandro Petacchi, winner of a bunch sprint in Meaux. On the site of the start, a roundabout with the sculpture of a bicycle pays tribute to that historical moment.

Tour de France 1953 Reconstitution du premier départ du tour de France de 1903 devant le Réveil-Matin © Presse Sports

Stage town for the third time
Commune in the Essonne (91)
23,000 inhabitants (Montgeronnais), Essonne has 1,200,000 inhabitants

Economy: Three economic activity zones, but the town is mainly residential. In Essonne: 45,000 companies (including Alcatel-Lucent, Carrefour, Coca-Cola, Renault, Safran, Sanofi-Aventis and Thalès), Génopole (biotechnology and biotherapy) at Évry, Évry-Val d'Essonne University and École Polytechnique at Palaiseau

Culture: Pavillon du Moustier (17th century), Château de Chalandry (17th century), Senlis mill (15th century), Josèphe Jacquiot Museum. In Essonne: Château de Courances, Monthléry Tower, Museum of photography in Bièvres, Domaine de Chamarande, Domaine de Méréville, Propriété Caillebotte in Yerres (exhibition rooms). Events: Science Festival in Orsay, Festival Elfondurock in Marcoussis

Sport: ES Montgeron Athlétisme, Montgeron Escrime (fencing), Entente Cycliste Montgeron Vigneux. In Essonne: FCF Juvisy Essonne (women's football, Division 1), Rugby Club Massy Essonne (Fédérale 1). Event: Montgeron International Athletics Meeting

Specialities in Essonne: Méréville cress, Gâtinais honey, Milly-la-Forêt peppermint

Sustainable development in Essonne: RER (suburban transport network), TGV train station in Massy, tram, tram-train, metro line in Grand Paris project, 1,400km of walking trails, numerous bike circuits, organic farming (27% of production within Île-de-France)

Slogan: Essonne, land of the future

Web sites

Montgeron

La Pelouse (The lawn)

Once the alleyway into the château de Montgeron, now destroyed, the Lawn crosses the commune over 1.3 km from place de l'Europe up to the Senart forest. An exceptional site by his length and beauty, La Pelouse is also known as Avenue de la Grange. It is ideal for strolls.

Château de Rottembourg 

In the 19th century, the castle belonged to the General of Rottembourg. From 1868 to 1877, it became the property of wealthy Parisian merchant Ernest Hoschedé, an art collector and friend of Claude Monet. In the summer of 1876, the artist painted four pictures to adorn the lounge, including the famous Peacocks now on display at the Orsay Museum. Until 1988, the castle was home to a congregation of Carmelites. The site is now a pension home for retired priests. The park is open exceptionally to the public.

 

Maison du Moustier 

This lovely 18th century mansion was acquired by early 19th century mayor Jacques Dulong, who refurbished the façade in the Directoire style. Between 1879 and 1897, painter Carolus-Duran, portraitist of the high society, spent his summers here.

 

Mill of Senlis

Built in the place of a ford, this river mill was very active until the 19th century. It took the appearance of a medieval castle in around 1900 by decision of its new owner, Parisian architect Esnault-Pelterie. Fake medieval castles were extremely popular at the time.

 

Saint-Jacques le Majeur church

The decayed old church was destroyed in 1855. Its stones were used to build a new one, completed in 1855. It is a neo-medieval building remarkable for its interior decoration, executed in 1941. Stained-glass windows, frescos and mosaics mix religious and political subjects like a condemnation of Nazism.

 

Josèphe Jacquiot municipal museum

The elegant country-house, with its stalls and dependencies, was built in the early 19th century and became the town's property in 1978. It was turned into a museum in 1993 by former mayor and historian Josephe Jacquiot, who donated her collection for the occasion.

Mairie de Viry-Châtillon © Poudou99

Stage town for the third time
Commune in the Essonne (91)
23,000 inhabitants (Montgeronnais), Essonne has 1,200,000 inhabitants

Economy: Three economic activity zones, but the town is mainly residential. In Essonne: 45,000 companies (including Alcatel-Lucent, Carrefour, Coca-Cola, Renault, Safran, Sanofi-Aventis and Thalès), Génopole (biotechnology and biotherapy) at Évry, Évry-Val d'Essonne University and École Polytechnique at Palaiseau

Culture: Pavillon du Moustier (17th century), Château de Chalandry (17th century), Senlis mill (15th century), Josèphe Jacquiot Museum. In Essonne: Château de Courances, Monthléry Tower, Museum of photography in Bièvres, Domaine de Chamarande, Domaine de Méréville, Propriété Caillebotte in Yerres (exhibition rooms). Events: Science Festival in Orsay, Festival Elfondurock in Marcoussis

Sport: ES Montgeron Athlétisme, Montgeron Escrime (fencing), Entente Cycliste Montgeron Vigneux. In Essonne: FCF Juvisy Essonne (women's football, Division 1), Rugby Club Massy Essonne (Fédérale 1). Event: Montgeron International Athletics Meeting

Specialities in Essonne: Méréville cress, Gâtinais honey, Milly-la-Forêt peppermint

Sustainable development in Essonne: RER (suburban transport network), TGV train station in Massy, tram, tram-train, metro line in Grand Paris project, 1,400km of walking trails, numerous bike circuits, organic farming (27% of production within Île-de-France)

Slogan: Essonne, land of the future

Web sites

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Jersey wearers after the stage 21

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