Nice

Nice

Farewell to Stade du Ray and welcome to the Allianz Riviera stadium. Expected for long years, Nice's new football pitch will be inaugurated this summer much to the pleasure of the fans of local club OGC Nice, known locally as “the Gym”. After many seasons in the old Stade du Ray entertaining the best French clubs, Nice will be at home in a splendid 35,000 capacity arena for French league games but perhaps also for European competitions. With its audacious architecture, the Allianz Riviera restructures the landscape of the Var valley, a few yards away from the village of St Isidore, in the heart of Nice's Eco-Vallée. Its ovoid shape and dynamic curves, its see-through roof all evoke the flight of a bird or a giant wave. But architect Jean-Michel Wilmotte insists he sees his creation more as a protective cocoon.

The stadium bids to be an example in terms of ecology and energetic performances with natural air conditioning produced though a system of blowing poles recycling the winds of the Var valley, photovoltaic panes to produce power and recuperation of the rain to water the pitch. The arena will include shops, restaurants and services. It will also be home to the National Sport Museum displaying the bikes of the Tour de France champions and other cycling trophies.
 
Lastly, while it will be above all be the new stronghold of football in the Nice area, the new arena will also host concerts and cultural or economic meetings.

Web sites

L'Allianz Riviera,future main stadium in Nice © Wilmotte & AssociésThe Allianz Riviera by night © Wilmotte & AssociésNorth-East arena 3d © Wilmotte & Associés
35 previous stages
Pop: 350,000
Prefecture of Alpes-Maritimes (06)
Motto: Nice the very faithful
Signatures: capital of Côte d'Azur
Specialties: pissaladiere (local pizza), salade niçoise (salad), pan bagnat (tuna sandwich), socca, Nice carnations.
Economy: tourism
Celebrities: Garibaldi, Henri Matisse, Raoul Dufy Yves Klein (painters), Arman Jean Sosno (sculptors), Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio, Louis Nucera, Max Gallo, Didier Van Cauwelaert (writers), Simone Veil (politician), Georges Lautner, Jean-Pierre Mocky (filmmakers), Michelle Mercier, Mylene Demongeot, Michele Laroque (actresses), Denise Fabre (television), Dick Rivers, Jenifer, Rose, Medi (singers), Yannick Agnel, Clement Lefert, Camille Muffat (swimmers), Jean-Pierre Dick (yachtsman), Suzanne Lenglen (tennis player), Hugo Lloris (footballer), Surya Bonaly (figure skater).
Sport: OGC Nice (football), OGC Nice Handball (Womens' League 1), Olympic Nice Natation
Culture: Nice carnival (February), Nice Jazz Festival (July), Festival l'Art sacré (December, January), Nice book fair (June), Festival crossover (May), Manca  (International Festival of Music) (November). 18 museums and galleries.
Labels: ville fleurie (4), Internet town 5@

Nice

  • 3rd century BC

    Foundation of the Nikaia trade outpost by Marseille’s Greeks.
  • 1159

    Construction of a first castle on the hill.
  • 1294

    First mention of the Nice carnival in presence of the Count of Provence.
  • 1388

    Nice is handed to Savoy.
  • 1524 to 1543

    King Francis 1 and Spain’s Charles V fight for the control of Nice. In 1543, Catherine Segurane, a Nice laundress becomes a local hero when she steals a Franco-Turkish flag and shows her anatomy to the troops of Francis 1.
  • 1691

    King Louis XIV seizes Nice but the Duke of Savoy recovers the county when he marries his daughter to a grandson of the French king.
  • 1704

    Louis XIV orders the destruction of the castle.
  • 1750

    The English, allied to Charles-Emmanuel of Savoy in his struggle against the French, discover Nice and launch the trend of winter tourism on the Riviera.
  • 1794

    First attachment to France.
  • 1807

    Birth in Nice of Giuseppe Garibaldi.
  • 1814

    The first Treaty of Paris gives Nice back to the House of Savoy.
  • 1860

    Second annexation of Nice by France.
  • 1912

    Construction of Hotel Negresco.
  • 1928-1929

    Construction of Palais de la Mediterranee.
Engraving by Emmanuel Costa representing Catherine Ségurane during the 1543 siege of Nice © Mairie de NiceThe hill of the castle over the roofs of the old Nice © A.IssockGiuseppe Garibaldi, 1866, Italian soldier © United States public domainNegresco Hotel on Promenade des Anglais © Ville de NiceArchaeological crypt of Nice © Ville de Nice
35 previous stages
Pop: 350,000
Prefecture of Alpes-Maritimes (06)
Motto: Nice the very faithful
Signatures: capital of Côte d'Azur
Specialties: pissaladiere (local pizza), salade niçoise (salad), pan bagnat (tuna sandwich), socca, Nice carnations.
Economy: tourism
Celebrities: Garibaldi, Henri Matisse, Raoul Dufy Yves Klein (painters), Arman Jean Sosno (sculptors), Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio, Louis Nucera, Max Gallo, Didier Van Cauwelaert (writers), Simone Veil (politician), Georges Lautner, Jean-Pierre Mocky (filmmakers), Michelle Mercier, Mylene Demongeot, Michele Laroque (actresses), Denise Fabre (television), Dick Rivers, Jenifer, Rose, Medi (singers), Yannick Agnel, Clement Lefert, Camille Muffat (swimmers), Jean-Pierre Dick (yachtsman), Suzanne Lenglen (tennis player), Hugo Lloris (footballer), Surya Bonaly (figure skater).
Sport: OGC Nice (football), OGC Nice Handball (Womens' League 1), Olympic Nice Natation
Culture: Nice carnival (February), Nice Jazz Festival (July), Festival l'Art sacré (December, January), Nice book fair (June), Festival crossover (May), Manca  (International Festival of Music) (November). 18 museums and galleries.
Labels: ville fleurie (4), Internet town 5@

Web sites

Nice

Back on the mainland, the 2013 Tour de France will be back in the capital of the French Riviera  32 years after the 1981 Grand Depart. That year, Bernard Hinault had swapped his rainbow jersey fort the yellow by winning the prologue. In the following two half-stages, Freddy Maertens and Ti-Raleigh in a team time trial had dominated the proceedings while the yellow jersey passed on Gerrie Knetemann's back.  Nice the very faithful is a motto applying to the Tour de France for the city hosted 35 stages since 1906. Outside of the Tour, Nice also hosts the peloton every year in March for the finale of Paris-Nice. In 71 editions, the Race to the Sun also crowned ten Tour winners. Some even won both the same year like Bradley Wiggins in 2012. Nice was also the hometown of one of the best cycling writers, novelist Louis Nucera, who wrote a famous Roi René and a book called Mes Rayons de soleil (My sun rays) in which he tells how in 1985, at the age of 57, he rode back on the route of the 1949 Tour de France.

The Nice-born riders are too many to all be mentioned but the most famous include Lucien Teisseire, winner of three stage between 1947 and 1954, Pierre Molineris, winner of astage in 1952 or Charly Berard, a dedicated team-mate of Bernard Hinault, who rode seven Tours de France.

Bernard Hinault yellow jersey in Nice in 1981 © Presse SportsBradley Wiggins on Paris-Nice in 2012 © Presse Sports/B.Papon
35 previous stages
Pop: 350,000
Prefecture of Alpes-Maritimes (06)
Motto: Nice the very faithful
Signatures: capital of Côte d'Azur
Specialties: pissaladiere (local pizza), salade niçoise (salad), pan bagnat (tuna sandwich), socca, Nice carnations.
Economy: tourism
Celebrities: Garibaldi, Henri Matisse, Raoul Dufy Yves Klein (painters), Arman Jean Sosno (sculptors), Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio, Louis Nucera, Max Gallo, Didier Van Cauwelaert (writers), Simone Veil (politician), Georges Lautner, Jean-Pierre Mocky (filmmakers), Michelle Mercier, Mylene Demongeot, Michele Laroque (actresses), Denise Fabre (television), Dick Rivers, Jenifer, Rose, Medi (singers), Yannick Agnel, Clement Lefert, Camille Muffat (swimmers), Jean-Pierre Dick (yachtsman), Suzanne Lenglen (tennis player), Hugo Lloris (footballer), Surya Bonaly (figure skater).
Sport: OGC Nice (football), OGC Nice Handball (Womens' League 1), Olympic Nice Natation
Culture: Nice carnival (February), Nice Jazz Festival (July), Festival l'Art sacré (December, January), Nice book fair (June), Festival crossover (May), Manca  (International Festival of Music) (November). 18 museums and galleries.
Labels: ville fleurie (4), Internet town 5@

Web sites

Nice

Promenade des Anglais

The world famous seaside promenade running along the harmonious curve of the Baie des Anges (Bay of the Angels) was originally a small path roughly too metres wide. An Englishman, Reverend Lewis Way, had it built at his own expense in 1820. It became known to the locals as the Englishmen's path. In its final shape, “the Prom” was inaugurated in 1931 by the Duke of Connaught, one of the sons of Queen Victoria.

Place Massena

The red clay of the façades, the white window frames , the arches and the square shape of the northern part of the Massena square betray the influence of Italian Piedmont in its architecture. Place Massena is the centre of town and a meeting point for the famous carnival. Once split by the river Paillon, it took its definite aspect in 1884.

Place Garibaldi

Beneath Garibaldi Square were found, during  works for the first tramway line, a 2,000 square metres crypt with the remains of a fortified complex dating from the 14th century.

Sainte-Reparate Cathedral

Promoted as a cathedral in the 16th century, it is he largest church in the old town of Nice. Inspired by early Roman baroque churches, the building is organised around a Latin cross plan. The decoration of the chapels and the choir is especially luxurious and inspired by the St Peter's basilica in Rome.

Hotel Negresco

Built on the Promnade des Anglais by Edouard Niermans in 1912 for Romanian businessman Henri Negresco, the palace remains the only museum-palace in Nice.
It is home to several collections tracing five centuries of the history of art. The 121 bedrooms and 24 suites each have their own decoration. All the periods of French art are represented from Louis XIII to modern art. A five star establishment, it is considered one of the most beautiful hotels in the world.

The famous Promenade des Anglais © Ville de NiceJogging on the Promenade des Anglais à l'aube © Ville de NiceMassena Square at Christmas © OTCN.M. JoliboisNegresco Hotel © Ville de NiceNice seend from the castle hill © Ville de NiceCours Saleya in the old Nice and the castle hill © Ville de NiceRoofs of the old Nice © Ville de Nice
35 previous stages
Pop: 350,000
Prefecture of Alpes-Maritimes (06)
Motto: Nice the very faithful
Signatures: capital of Côte d'Azur
Specialties: pissaladiere (local pizza), salade niçoise (salad), pan bagnat (tuna sandwich), socca, Nice carnations.
Economy: tourism
Celebrities: Garibaldi, Henri Matisse, Raoul Dufy Yves Klein (painters), Arman Jean Sosno (sculptors), Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio, Louis Nucera, Max Gallo, Didier Van Cauwelaert (writers), Simone Veil (politician), Georges Lautner, Jean-Pierre Mocky (filmmakers), Michelle Mercier, Mylene Demongeot, Michele Laroque (actresses), Denise Fabre (television), Dick Rivers, Jenifer, Rose, Medi (singers), Yannick Agnel, Clement Lefert, Camille Muffat (swimmers), Jean-Pierre Dick (yachtsman), Suzanne Lenglen (tennis player), Hugo Lloris (footballer), Surya Bonaly (figure skater).
Sport: OGC Nice (football), OGC Nice Handball (Womens' League 1), Olympic Nice Natation
Culture: Nice carnival (February), Nice Jazz Festival (July), Festival l'Art sacré (December, January), Nice book fair (June), Festival crossover (May), Manca  (International Festival of Music) (November). 18 museums and galleries.
Labels: ville fleurie (4), Internet town 5@

Web sites

Nice

Nice gave birth to one of the most legendary, most romantic but also historically decisive characters of the 19th century, Giuseppe Garibaldi. His aura in his lifetime was such that some liken him to a Che Guevara of the previous century. Abraham Lincoln even considered placing his armies under his orders during the Secession War while in Britain, some lady fans would buy the water of his bath like the groupies of a global superstar. The son of a Nice fisherman, Giuseppe did not like school very much and lived a larger than life existence almost from his birth in 1807. He served as a sailor on merchant ships for most of his teenage years, sailed all around the Mediterranean and was initiated to the Saint-Simonian philosophy, a political sect believing in scientific progress and friendship between cultures and civilisations. His liberal, republican and anti-religious ideas came from this philosophical upbringing.

He quit the navy for political activism and became close to Mazzini, the founder of the Young Italy movement and a strong advocate of the Italian unification. Garibaldi became one of the most outspoken defenders of this ideal, despite being born French at a time when France briefly took over from Savoy as the rulers of Nice.

In exile, he discovered Latin America and supported the independence movements of Brazil and Uruguay. Back in Nice, he played a leading role in the unification of the country and the Italian struggle against Austria and France. Obeying no rules, a strong leader with poor tactical sense, he became famous for his military feats but could never get on with the other heroes of Italian independence like Mazzini, who accused him of siding with royalty while he blamed Cavour for handing the town in which he was born to France in 1860. But Garibaldi was by no means anti-French and he led the French Republic armies on the Eastern front in 1870. He was then elected to the French Assembly but was declared ineligible for being Italian in spite of his birth under French rule. Tired of the political intrigues, he retired to the small island of Caprera and died there in 1892. He once wrote: “I'm from Nice, hence I'm neither French, nor Italian.” Garibaldi was dreaming at the time of a united Europe with Nice as its capital.

Giuseppe Garibaldi, photographed by Felix Nadav in 1870 © Domaine Public aux États-UnisGaribaldi injured in Aspromonte battle, August 29,1862, painting by Gerolamo Induno © Domaine Public aux États-UnisGaribaldi on his death bedt 1882 © Licence Creative Commons paternité
35 previous stages
Pop: 350,000
Prefecture of Alpes-Maritimes (06)
Motto: Nice the very faithful
Signatures: capital of Côte d'Azur
Specialties: pissaladiere (local pizza), salade niçoise (salad), pan bagnat (tuna sandwich), socca, Nice carnations.
Economy: tourism
Celebrities: Garibaldi, Henri Matisse, Raoul Dufy Yves Klein (painters), Arman Jean Sosno (sculptors), Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio, Louis Nucera, Max Gallo, Didier Van Cauwelaert (writers), Simone Veil (politician), Georges Lautner, Jean-Pierre Mocky (filmmakers), Michelle Mercier, Mylene Demongeot, Michele Laroque (actresses), Denise Fabre (television), Dick Rivers, Jenifer, Rose, Medi (singers), Yannick Agnel, Clement Lefert, Camille Muffat (swimmers), Jean-Pierre Dick (yachtsman), Suzanne Lenglen (tennis player), Hugo Lloris (footballer), Surya Bonaly (figure skater).
Sport: OGC Nice (football), OGC Nice Handball (Womens' League 1), Olympic Nice Natation
Culture: Nice carnival (February), Nice Jazz Festival (July), Festival l'Art sacré (December, January), Nice book fair (June), Festival crossover (May), Manca  (International Festival of Music) (November). 18 museums and galleries.
Labels: ville fleurie (4), Internet town 5@

Web sites

video02/07/2013 

The towns 2013 : visit Nice

Jersey wearers after the stage 21

Classifications after the stage 21

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