Calvi

The wind festival

Every year the Wind Festival takes to the streets of Calvi in the dying tourist season and offers a varied and prestigious programme. Festiventu gathers some 600 personalities who bring their knowledge and talent to participate, each one in his or her own field, to a vast platform of exchanges and encounters mixing culture, entertainment and debate.  Writers, researchers, sociologists, politicians, doctors, environment specialists discuss and exchange views on themes crucial for our future. The musical programme is also eclectic and attracts some of the greatest talents from France and abroad. All musical genres are present, from rock to traditional music to chanson. La Fête en l'air, a site dedicated to the environment has become a meeting point for the public wishing to acquire an education on the preservation of the planet. Many families come daily to visit and discover new sports, new energies, new trades and new arts. The Ecojolie house, run by professionals, is aimed at introducing new ecological means of construction and materials.

Web sites

Nano © Eric GueretCitadel © Eric GueretArthur H © Yoannis Menge
No previous stage
Pop: 5,500
Sub-prefecture ofHaute-Corse (2B)
Motto: Calvi city, always faithful. Civitas Calvi Semper Fidelis
Specialties: AOC wines, olive oil AOC, Marsulinu and Calinzanicu (cheese), Cucciuelles (biscuits), honey.
Economy: tourism.
Celebrities: Christopher Columbus, Admiral Nelson, Adolphe Landry (former minister), Marie-Claude Pietragalla (dancer).
Sport: FC Aregno Calvi (football). Corsican tennis championships (April)
Culture: Calvi Jazz Festival (June), Calvi on the rocks (July), Rencontres de Chants Polyphoniques (September), Wind festival Festiventu (October).  
Labels: ville fleurie (3)

Timeline

  • Roman period

    Calvi becomes a Roman base. Ptolemy describes Calvi as “the most famous port on the island”.
  • 1278

    Tired of constant warfare, Calvi called on the Genoese to protect the city. The town will remain faithful to the Genoese for five centuries.
  • 1420

    Alfonso V of Aragon takes possession of his lands awarded by the pope. Calvi welcomes him. The king leaves a garrison in town and besieges Bonifacio. A year later, Calvi turns against the Aragon rule and the soldiers are massacred.
  • 1492

    Christopher Columbus, who may have been born in Calvi, discover the New World.
  • 1652 to 1659

    The government is transferred to Calvi making it the Corsican capital.
  • 1730

    Start of the revolt against the Genoese.
  • 1756

    Construction of the Maillebois Fort renamed Mozello Fort after the departure of the French
  • 1793

    Calvi submits to the French rule.
  • 1794

    Siege of Calvi by the English called by Pascal Paoli. During the battle, Nelson loses an eye. Durant la bataille, Nelson perd son œil.
  • 1927

    Construction of first hotels in Calvi after the creation of a Credit Hotelier (fund to build hotels) in 1923
  • 1951

    Creation of the Sainte-Catherine airport.
  • 1967

    Creation of a Foreign Legion base.
  • 1970

    reation of a marina.
  • 1999

    Creation of a new nautical base.
Portrait of Alfonso V of Aragon the Magnanimous attributed to Mino da Fiesole (1431-1484) © JastrowChristophe Colomb stone at the foot of the ramparts of the citadel © Pierre BonaFort Mozello © Pierre Bona
No previous stage
Pop: 5,500
Sub-prefecture ofHaute-Corse (2B)
Motto: Calvi city, always faithful. Civitas Calvi Semper Fidelis
Specialties: AOC wines, olive oil AOC, Marsulinu and Calinzanicu (cheese), Cucciuelles (biscuits), honey.
Economy: tourism.
Celebrities: Christopher Columbus, Admiral Nelson, Adolphe Landry (former minister), Marie-Claude Pietragalla (dancer).
Sport: FC Aregno Calvi (football). Corsican tennis championships (April)
Culture: Calvi Jazz Festival (June), Calvi on the rocks (July), Rencontres de Chants Polyphoniques (September), Wind festival Festiventu (October).  
Labels: ville fleurie (3)

Web sites

Calvi and cycling

Calvi, like most other big Corsican localities, frequently hosted stages of the Tour of Corsica. Already, in 1936, Italian Florindo Eufemi had won a stage in the city of Columbus.

Tour de Corse 2012 © Tour de Corse CyclisteTour de Corse 2012 © Tour de Corse Cycliste
No previous stage
Pop: 5,500
Sub-prefecture ofHaute-Corse (2B)
Motto: Calvi city, always faithful. Civitas Calvi Semper Fidelis
Specialties: AOC wines, olive oil AOC, Marsulinu and Calinzanicu (cheese), Cucciuelles (biscuits), honey.
Economy: tourism.
Celebrities: Christopher Columbus, Admiral Nelson, Adolphe Landry (former minister), Marie-Claude Pietragalla (dancer).
Sport: FC Aregno Calvi (football). Corsican tennis championships (April)
Culture: Calvi Jazz Festival (June), Calvi on the rocks (July), Rencontres de Chants Polyphoniques (September), Wind festival Festiventu (October).  
Labels: ville fleurie (3)

Web sites

Places to see

Fortifications of the citadel

The construction started in 13th century and was completed in the 16th century. The ramparts are composed of three bastions (San Giorgio, Malfetano and Teghiale) with curtain walls. The citadel and the Tower of Salt are national heritage and belong to the municipality.

La Pinède

The most famous beach in Calvi can be reached in the summer by the small train known as trinighellu. It is named after a pinewood in the Eastern part of town. The beach is lined with restaurants.

Palace of the bishops of Sagone

Dating from the 16th century, it  was the house of Laurent Giubegga, one of Napoleon's brothers in law, who found shelter in it in 1793. It is now a private residence hosting a famous bar on the ground floor. Winston Churchill and Serge Gainsbourg are among the many celebrities to have drunk a glass there since 1935.  

Cathedral Saint John the Baptist

From the 13th century, it is in baroque style. Restored in 1570 after a siege by the French and the Turks, it is located in the upper town inside the old Genoese fortress. From 1625, the cathedral became the residence of the bishops of Sagone when they left Vico to flee the menace of Barbary priates.

Birth house of Christopher ColombusCalvi citadel © Ville de CalviCalvi citadel © Ville de CalviSt John the Baptist cathedral © Pierre BonaBeach of la Pinède © Pierre Bona
No previous stage
Pop: 5,500
Sub-prefecture ofHaute-Corse (2B)
Motto: Calvi city, always faithful. Civitas Calvi Semper Fidelis
Specialties: AOC wines, olive oil AOC, Marsulinu and Calinzanicu (cheese), Cucciuelles (biscuits), honey.
Economy: tourism.
Celebrities: Christopher Columbus, Admiral Nelson, Adolphe Landry (former minister), Marie-Claude Pietragalla (dancer).
Sport: FC Aregno Calvi (football). Corsican tennis championships (April)
Culture: Calvi Jazz Festival (June), Calvi on the rocks (July), Rencontres de Chants Polyphoniques (September), Wind festival Festiventu (October).  
Labels: ville fleurie (3)

Web sites

Was christopher columbus born in calvi?

Do not tell Calvi people Christopher Columbus was born in Genoa, they would laugh out loud. The house in which lived the discoverer of the New World is still visible – even if it is in a poor state – near the citadel and a plaque states, it you still had doubts, that the great man was definitely born in Calvi around 1436. This conviction lies on the oral tradition, still very vivid in Corsica, according to which Colombo was the son of a fisherman living in the times when Calvi was ruled by the Genoese. The advocates of this theory note that Columbus gave his discoveries the names of Corsican villages like Haiti, inspired from the village of Aiti. They add that Columbus hid his Corsican origins from his Spanish supports because Calvi inhabitants had massacred a regiment from Aragon in 1421. In the absence of a credible birth certificate, several theories circulated about the explorer's birthplace. Most historians believe he was actually born in Genoa in 1451. Others contend that he was Portuguese. Some say he was Catalan. Other see him as a Jew.

In Cavli such doubts are irrelevant. Signs have been installed in town, claiming Columbus as a local while his effigy can be seen on the walls of the citadel. Another recent theory revived the controversy, claiming Columbus was indeed Corsican, but from Cap Corse.

No previous stage
Pop: 5,500
Sub-prefecture ofHaute-Corse (2B)
Motto: Calvi city, always faithful. Civitas Calvi Semper Fidelis
Specialties: AOC wines, olive oil AOC, Marsulinu and Calinzanicu (cheese), Cucciuelles (biscuits), honey.
Economy: tourism.
Celebrities: Christopher Columbus, Admiral Nelson, Adolphe Landry (former minister), Marie-Claude Pietragalla (dancer).
Sport: FC Aregno Calvi (football). Corsican tennis championships (April)
Culture: Calvi Jazz Festival (June), Calvi on the rocks (July), Rencontres de Chants Polyphoniques (September), Wind festival Festiventu (October).  
Labels: ville fleurie (3)

Web sites

Jersey wearers after the stage 21

Classifications after the stage 21

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