Tours

Tours Icons

"Icônes de Tours" is an original way for Tours inhabitants to approach their city and make it their own. On the website www.icones.tours.fr, the most famous sites and symbols of the city have been chosen and represented by icons. Some 100 sites, events, characters, ideas and projects, specialities, traits have so far been chosen to summarise Tours and its way of life. The aim is to ideally draw an overall view of Tours and to let the inhabitants complete the vision with their own input. Everyone can suggest an icon symbolising the town. Unavoidable, obvious, anecdotic, sometimes moving or funny, at times controversial, icons.tours.fr is a summary of what makes Tours special. By clicking for instance on the “bicycle” icon, one can discover the bike rental system in use in Tours, called Velociti, as well as a 650-kms trail called “La Loire en vélo” making it possible to ride along the most beautiful landscapes of the region.

Sitios web

Icones de Tours - ©icones.tours.fr
Seven previous stages
Population: 137 000
Prefecture of Indre-et-Loire (37)
Specialities: Touraine wines, géline de Touraine, rillettes, andouillette au vouvray, nougat de Tours. Universities, industry, airbase, Cosmetic Valley.
Economy: tourism, hospital,
Sport: Tours volley-ball, Tours FC (football) Tours Joué basket, Paris-Tours, Enfants neptunes de Tours (swimming)
Celebrities: Saint Martin, Gregory of Tours, Francois Rabelais, Rene Descartes, Honore de Balzac.
Festivals: Désir Désirs (cinéma, May), Mauvais Genre (April), Tours métrages, Rayons frais (arts et la ville), Jazz en Touraine (September), A Tours de bulles (Comics).
Labels: Unesco World Heritage (Val de Loire), ville d'art et d'histoire, vielle fleurie (4), ville Internet.

Timeline

  • 1ST century

    First mention of Caesarodunum (Caesar’s hill), a new city destined to become the capital of the Romanised Turons, the local tribe.
  • 316

    Birth of St Martin, second bishop of Tours, whose cult will turn Tours into a major pilgrimage.
  • 539

    Birth of Gregory of Tours, bishop and historian.
  • 853

    Tours is invaded by Vikings.
  • 11th century

    Tours becomes a possession of the House of Anjou and by its main branch of the Plantagenet and the Kings of England.
  • 1204

    King Philip Augustus annexes Touraine and the region becomes French ten years later. 1312 – Touraine becomes a duchy.
  • 15th century

    Tours becomes a favourite residence of the French kings and notably Louis XI.
  • Renaissance

    Creation of numerous castles in the Tour region, today know as Castles of the Loire.
  • 1790

    Tours becomes the prefecture of Indre-et-Loire.
  • 1854

    Arrival of the train turns St Pierre des Corps into a major railways connection.
  • 1917

    Installation of an important American military contingent.
  • 1920

    Congress of Tours. Scission between the French Socialist Party and the French Communist Party.
  • 1940

    Partial destruction of the town. The government briefly sojourns in Tours.
  • 1970

    Foundation of the Francois Rabelais University.
  • 2013

    Inauguration of the first 15-km tramway line designed by Daniel Buren.
Saint Martin gives up his militar life by Italian painter Simone MartiniPhilip Augustus crossing the Loire (Grandes Chroniques de France, 14th and 15th century) – Domaine public des Etats-Unis
Seven previous stages
Population: 137 000
Prefecture of Indre-et-Loire (37)
Specialities: Touraine wines, géline de Touraine, rillettes, andouillette au vouvray, nougat de Tours. Universities, industry, airbase, Cosmetic Valley.
Economy: tourism, hospital,
Sport: Tours volley-ball, Tours FC (football) Tours Joué basket, Paris-Tours, Enfants neptunes de Tours (swimming)
Celebrities: Saint Martin, Gregory of Tours, Francois Rabelais, Rene Descartes, Honore de Balzac.
Festivals: Désir Désirs (cinéma, May), Mauvais Genre (April), Tours métrages, Rayons frais (arts et la ville), Jazz en Touraine (September), A Tours de bulles (Comics).
Labels: Unesco World Heritage (Val de Loire), ville d'art et d'histoire, vielle fleurie (4), ville Internet.

Sitios web

Tours and cycling

Sadly forgotten today, Jean Brankart was the first stage winner in Tours in 1955, th year when he finished second in the Tour de France behind Louison Bobet. He was also 10th in 1959 and best climber of the Giro d'Italia in 1958. While the Paris-Tours classic does not necessarily finish on a bunch sprint, Tour de France stages in Tours almost as often ended on mass sprints as on successful moves. In the last two stage finishes in town, Tom Boonen outsprinted the pack on avenue de Grammont in 2005 while Leon Van Bon staged a victorious breakaway in 2000.

Two active riders come from Tours, Cyril Lemoine and Jeremy Leroy, the most aggressive rider in the 2011 edition.

Tom Boonen wins stage La Chataigneraie/Tours in Tour de France 2005 - ©Presse Sports/B.Papon
Seven previous stages
Population: 137 000
Prefecture of Indre-et-Loire (37)
Specialities: Touraine wines, géline de Touraine, rillettes, andouillette au vouvray, nougat de Tours. Universities, industry, airbase, Cosmetic Valley.
Economy: tourism, hospital,
Sport: Tours volley-ball, Tours FC (football) Tours Joué basket, Paris-Tours, Enfants neptunes de Tours (swimming)
Celebrities: Saint Martin, Gregory of Tours, Francois Rabelais, Rene Descartes, Honore de Balzac.
Festivals: Désir Désirs (cinéma, May), Mauvais Genre (April), Tours métrages, Rayons frais (arts et la ville), Jazz en Touraine (September), A Tours de bulles (Comics).
Labels: Unesco World Heritage (Val de Loire), ville d'art et d'histoire, vielle fleurie (4), ville Internet.

Sitios web

Places to see

St Gatien cathedral:

The St Gatien cathedral was built between 1170 and 1547 just outside the bridge over the Loire on the main road linking Paris to the South of France. A first St Maurice cathedral was edified by Litorius, bishop of Tours between 337 and 371 and the predecessor of Martin. Destroyed by fire in 561, it was restored by Gregory of Tours. The cathedral was then burnt again in 1166 during a battle between Louis VII of France and Henry II of England. The current cathedral replaced the Romanesque building destroyed at the time. The construction of the nave was long and arduous. Started in the 14th century by architect Simon du Mans, who used elements of the old nave, it was completed in the 15th century by architects Jean de Dammartin, Jean Papin and Jean Durand thanks to funds allocated by King Charles VII and by Duke John V of Brittany. In 1356, the cathedral was dedicated to Gatien. The façade lost most of its statues, destroyed by Protestants during the Wars of Religion. But it remains one of the most extraordinary examples of the Flamboyant Gothic in its baroque aspects and remains one of the most remarkable decorative masterpieces in religious art. The towers were erected in the first half of the 16th century.

Castle of Tours

It dates from the 11th century. Until the years 2000, the royal castle was used as an aquarium with some 1,500 fish from 200 species. A Histori Monument since 1913, the castle now houses exhibitions of modern art
(Joan Miró, Daniel Buren, Nadar...)  while the Historical Workshop of Touraine displays archaeological and historical documents, models and films about the history of Tours.

Saint-Julien church:

The St Julien church is an old 6th century Benedictine abbey, whose abbtial church dates for the most part from the 13th century. While it was destroyed and rebuilt several times, it found its current aspect in 1224.
WWII bombings miraculously spared the church but destroyed the abbey and the adjacent hall in which was held the 1920 Socialist Congress which gave birth to the French Communist Party.

Town hall:

The town hall of Tours was built between 1896 and 1904 by architect Victor Laloux along Rue Nationale. The immense building, muche larget than the prefecture or the courthouse was meant to reflect the Republican values and the municipal authority.

Saint-Gatien cathedral- ©Ville de ToursCastle of Tours - ©Ville de ToursTown hall - ©Ville de ToursOld Tours - ©Ville de Tours
Seven previous stages
Population: 137 000
Prefecture of Indre-et-Loire (37)
Specialities: Touraine wines, géline de Touraine, rillettes, andouillette au vouvray, nougat de Tours. Universities, industry, airbase, Cosmetic Valley.
Economy: tourism, hospital,
Sport: Tours volley-ball, Tours FC (football) Tours Joué basket, Paris-Tours, Enfants neptunes de Tours (swimming)
Celebrities: Saint Martin, Gregory of Tours, Francois Rabelais, Rene Descartes, Honore de Balzac.
Festivals: Désir Désirs (cinéma, May), Mauvais Genre (April), Tours métrages, Rayons frais (arts et la ville), Jazz en Touraine (September), A Tours de bulles (Comics).
Labels: Unesco World Heritage (Val de Loire), ville d'art et d'histoire, vielle fleurie (4), ville Internet.

Sitios web

The Martin of Tours heritage

The life of Martin of Tours is known thanks to the tales of historians like Sulpicius Severus, who lived in the same time, or Gregory of Tours, who lived two centuries later. A great traveller for the whole of his life, Martin was born in 316 in Hungary from pagan parents. Educated in Pavia, in Italy, where his father was a soldier, he was enrolled in the Roman army at the age of 15 and travelled the Roman world. In 337, in garrison in Amiens, he offered half of his gown to a pauper who was freezing to death. He then had the revelation of the Christian faith and converted.

In 356, he left the army in Worms, Germany and put himself to the service of St Hilarius, bishop of Poitiers, who made his religious education. Back home in Hungary, he converted his mother and later settled in Milan, looking for Hilarius who was then living in exile. Expelled from Milan, he lived for a while on the island of Gallinaria on the Ligurian coast. On request from Hilarius, he then lived as a hermit near Poitiers and founded the first monastery of Western Europe in Liguge. Detained by the inhabitants of Tours, who wanted him as their bishop, Martin became bishop of Tours in 371. HE founded the monastery of Marmoutier and the first rural churches in Gaul, travelling Europe to preach in Germany, Luxembourg, Spain and Switzerland.

St Martin died on November 8, 397, in Candes St Martin and was buried in Tours on November 11. From the 5th century, the greatest pilgrimage in Europe after Rome and Jerusalem started and Rome. The 1,700th anniversary of his birth will be celebrated in 2016.

Statue of Saint Martin and the beggar in the church of the monastery of Braga, Portugal. - José GoncalvesBest known representation of saint Martin, splitting his gown to share it with a pauper. Détail of the façade of Duomo di san Martino in Lucca, Italy
Seven previous stages
Population: 137 000
Prefecture of Indre-et-Loire (37)
Specialities: Touraine wines, géline de Touraine, rillettes, andouillette au vouvray, nougat de Tours. Universities, industry, airbase, Cosmetic Valley.
Economy: tourism, hospital,
Sport: Tours volley-ball, Tours FC (football) Tours Joué basket, Paris-Tours, Enfants neptunes de Tours (swimming)
Celebrities: Saint Martin, Gregory of Tours, Francois Rabelais, Rene Descartes, Honore de Balzac.
Festivals: Désir Désirs (cinéma, May), Mauvais Genre (April), Tours métrages, Rayons frais (arts et la ville), Jazz en Touraine (September), A Tours de bulles (Comics).
Labels: Unesco World Heritage (Val de Loire), ville d'art et d'histoire, vielle fleurie (4), ville Internet.

Sitios web

Portadores de maillots al final de la etapa 14

Clasificaciones al final de la etapa 14

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