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Auf der strecke

Yvelines (78)

Prefecture : Versailles
Sub-prefectures : Mantes-La-Jolie, Rambouillet, Saint-Germain-En-Laye
Population : 1, 408 000
Websites : www.yvelines.fr ; www.tourisme.yvelines.fr ; www.versailles-tourisme.com

West of Paris, Yvelines is a mostly rural department but also one of the most vastly populated of the Parisian region with 1.37 million inhabitants (8th in France). With 80 pc of its territory covered by fields or forest, Yvelines is one of the greenbelts of Paris and Ile de France. The quality and variety of its landscapes, coupled with its countless monuments and a modern and technological economy employing nearly 600,000 make Yvelines a very influential and wealthy area on the outskirts of the capital.

Hauts-De-Seine (92)

Prefecture : Nanterre
Sub-prefectures : Antony, Boulogne-Billancourt
Population : 1, 600 000
Website : www.hauts-de-seine.net

With a GDP three times higher than the average for French departments (the equivalent of counties), the Hauts-de-Seine is the third richest area in the European Union after Paris and London. Host to the head offices of approximately 6,000 firms, the department is also a hub for higher incomes. These assets are particularly highlighted in the district of La Défense, but also in the south east of the department, at Issy-les-Moulineaux or Boulogne, where the head offices of the major French media firms are grouped.

Created in 1968 following the division of the immense Seine-et-Oise department, the Hauts-de-Seine is however the smallest department of the Paris region in terms of surface area (576 km²), but also the most densely inhabited, with more than 1.5 million inhabitants.
Whilst the administrative centre of the department is Nanterre, the most populated town is Boulogne-Billancourt, the only town in the Hauts-de-Seine with more than 100,000 habitants.

Km 3 : Guyancourt

Population : 29, 000

Guyancourt was founded as such in 1065 by Guy de Chevreuse, the first lord of a village named after him. The locality developed in the 17thcentury thanks to its proximity to the Palace of Versailles, for which it produced grocery. The farming tradition subsisted until the early 20thcentury. At that period, Guyancourt became a hot spot for aeronautics with the construction in 1930 of the Caudron factory, soon taken over by Renault. Helene Boucher became famous when she set several world records at the commands of a Caudron-Renault plane before landing on the Guyancourt airport in 1934. The creation of the new town of St Quentin en Yvelines in 1970 multiplied the population by ten in 30 years.

Ile-de-France

Prefecture: Paris

Renamed Ile de France in 1976 after being called Parisian region, it is the first region in France in terms of population and revenue. Its 11.7 million inhabitants are spread between eight departments – Essonne, Hauts de Seine, Paris, Seine Saint-Denis, Seine et Marne, Val de Marne, Val d'Oise, Yvelines. It is Europe's leading metropolis in terms of revenue and the 5th in the world behind Tokyo, New York, Los Angeles and Osaka.

Even if 83% of jobs created are in the tertiary sector, the Ile de France region is nonetheless the leading industrial region in France, but also a significant contributor to the agricultural sector, thanks to its cereal crops. Tourism, with Paris as the leading destination in the world, is also dominant.

Tour de France of the Monuments Nationaux

National estate of Saint-Cloud

National estate of Saint-Cloud - Waterfall - © Centre des Monuments Nationaux de FranceNational estate of Saint-Cloud - © Centre des Monuments Nationaux de FranceNational estate of Saint-Cloud - © Centre des Monuments Nationaux de France

Historical park and garden of the former royal and imperial residence.

Once a privilege of Philippe d'Orléans, the younger brother of Louis XIV, the National estate of Saint-Cloud no longer boasts a Château, which was destroyed in a fire in 1870, but still offers 460 hectares of gardens, park and woodlandwhich represent one of the best examples of a classical garden. Designed by Le Nôtre, it is also one of the most attractive parks to be found in the outer Paris area.

Site with the “Outstanding Garden” label.

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Pantheon

Pantheon - The colonnade - © Centre des Monuments Nationaux de FranceThe Battle of Tolbiac (detail) - © Centre des Monuments Nationaux de FrancePantheon - Foucault’s pendulum - © Centre des Monuments Nationaux de France

A temple dedicated to the memory of the men and women who have marked French history since the Revolution.

With the Pantheon, architect Jacques-Germain Soufflot met Louis XV's wish to glorify the monarchy in the form of a church dedicated to Saint Geneviève, the patron saint of Paris. The edifice was deconsecrated during the Revolution in 1791 and renamed the Pantheon. During the turbulent years of the 19th century, as regimes changed, it alternated in its role as a religious and patriotic monument. Since 1885, the year of Victor Hugo's death and burial in the Pantheon, it has been the last resting place for the great writers, scientists, generals, churchmen and politicians who have made the history of France. The crypt houses the tombs of more than 70 illustrious figures including Voltaire, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Emile Zola, Alexandre Dumas, Pierre and Marie Curie, etc.

2013: partial closure of the monument.

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Conciergerie

Conciergerie - A reconstruction of Marie-Antoinette’s cell - © Centre des Monuments Nationaux de FranceConciergerie - © Centre des Monuments Nationaux de FranceConciergerie - ”La salle des gens d’Armes” - © Centre des Monuments Nationaux de France

On the Île de la Cité, superb halls from the former royal palace and the prisons of the Revolutionary Tribunal.

The current monument contains the ruins of the Parisian palace of the Capetians. In the 14th century, Charles V abandoned this residence but maintained his seat of justice here. A ‘concierge' was appointed with judicial powers. At the end of the 18th century, many of those brought before the Revolutionary Tribunal, sitting in the palace, were incarcerated in the Conciergerie prison, including Marie-Antoinette.

Designated world heritage site by UNESCO.

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Towers of Notre-Dame Cathedral

Towers of Notre-Dame Cathedral - © Centre des Monuments Nationaux de FranceNotre-Dame Cathedral - © Centre des Monuments Nationaux de FranceGargoyles of Notre-Dame Cathedral - © Centre des Monuments Nationaux de France

Unique views from the Île de la Cité, the heart of Paris.

The tour of the towers of Notre-Dame de Paris, built in the middle of the 13th century in High Gothic style, is an opportunity to discover the cathedral, its flying buttresses, spires and roofs. Gargoyles and chimera decorate the gallery connecting the North Tower, with its rib-vaulted room, to the South Tower, with its belfry containing the bourdon bell known as Emmanuel. The upper gallery provides magnificent views of Paris, the Seine and the succession of bridges across the river.

Designated world heritage site by UNESCO.

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Sainte-Chapelle

Sainte-Chapelle - © Centre des Monuments Nationaux de FranceSainte-Chapelle - © Centre des Monuments Nationaux de FranceChrist crown with thorns (window H) - © Centre des Monuments Nationaux de France

A sumptuous, intimate chapel with remarkable stained glass windows.

The Sainte-Chapelle is the finest royal chapel to be built in France and features a truly exceptional collection of stained-glass windows. It was built in the mid 13th century by Louis IX, at the heart of the royal residence, the Palais de la Cité. It was built to house the relics of the Passion of Christ. Adorned with a unique collection of fifteen glass panels and a large rose window forming a veritable wall of light, the Sainte-Chapelle is a gem of French Gothic architecture.

Designated world heritage site by UNESCO.

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Arc de triomphe

Arc de triomphe - © Centre des Monuments Nationaux de FranceArc de triomphe - © Centre des Monuments Nationaux de FranceArc de triomphe - © Centre des Monuments Nationaux de France

A unique view of the Champs-Élysées, the world's most beautiful avenue.

The Arc de triomphe was begun in 1806, on the orders of Napoleon I to honour the victories of his Grande Armée. Inspired by the great arches of antiquity, the monument combines the commemorative with the symbolic and it has always played a major role in the national republican consciousness. Every evening, the flame is lit on the tomb of the Unknown Soldier from the Great War. An exhibition portrays the history and explains its symbolic importance, nationally as well as internationally. The terrace provides superb views both by day and night across the city and its great sweeping avenues.

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Trikotträger Am Ende der Etappe 14

Klassements Am Ende der Etappe 14

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